The Township in its 1.84 square miles has approximately 11 miles of Township roads and alleys that it maintains. The State roads (East Lake Road, Iroquois Avenue, Main Street, Water Street and Nagle Road) are maintained by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
For more than thirty years, the Township has had an aggressive street rehabilitation program in addition to the annual street maintenance for its streets and alleys. In fall or winter the Commissioner of Streets, with the engineer, reviews and formulates the rehabilitation project for the following year. The Township spends approximately $70-90,000 for that year’s project and tax dollars fund the majority of the project with approximately $9-12,000 coming from Erie County liquid fuel funds. The average life of a street is approximately 30 years, with maintenance, so at that point the rehabilitation (or reconstruction) of the street will be done. Street reconstruction has also occurred during sewer projects.
The Township contracts this service out. If you have any concerns regarding the snow plowing, please call the Township office (814-899-2305, Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. – 5 p.m.) or the Police Department, after office hours.
Street lights are installed and maintained by Penelec. Street light outages can be reported to the Township Office at 814-899-2305 or directly to Penelec. Please have the pole number, if available, or the nearest address to report the outage.
If a street name sign is missing, please report it to the Township office at 899-2305. If a traffic sign, such as speed limit, is missing please report it to the Police Department at 898-1634.
Street Cut Permits
If you are planning on widening your drive or any construction which will cut or remove the street or curb, you are required to obtain a Street Cut Permit from the Township. Applications are available at the Township office.
SKUNK PREVENTION: Of course, you can help prevent skunks from using your property. They are often drawn to live under decks, porches, sheds and such. You need to install an exclusion barrier around the perimeter of the deck, so that they can’t crawl under. And of course, don’t leave out pet food, or any other food that will attract skunks. If you want to hire a professional wildlife trapper to trap the skunks or install a professional exclusion barrier for you, click on this nationwide map of Professional Wildlife Removal Companies, and you’ll find an expert in your town or city.
SKUNK UNDER THE SHED, PORCH OR DECK
A lot of times, a skunk that has become a pest would wander into open outhouses, and leave its persistent, musky smell everywhere it visits under a building, shed, porch, or even a woodpile. Skunks tend to dig small, cone-shaped holes in the lawn and eat low garden crops; they destroy landscape when they dig under grass to search for worms and insects to eat.
HOW TO KEEP SKUNKS AWAY FROM THE HOUSE
Five steps to keep skunks away, involving habitat modification and food sources:
- 1 – Keep pet food indoors and secure garbage cans. Food remains the greatest pull for wandering wildlife. If possible, store your trash bins indoors at night, so their smell doesn’t attract skunks.
- 2 – Remove fruit that has fallen from your trees, especially those that produce nuts, berries, crabapples, or other fruits. Pick them as soon as they ripen and rake your yard as often as necessary.
- 3 – Remove brush piles; use gravel, fencing, or plywood to seal all holes and entrance points to locations that a skunk may find suitable for a home â€“ like under an elevated house, a porch, sheds, decks, and foundations. Do same for barns and poultry houses.
- 4 – Apply a topical application to your lawn grass to eliminate food sources for the skunk.
- 5 – Skunks don’t usually make their own shelter but use dens that have been abandoned by other wildlife. Inspect your property and block all holes and burrows.
CAN’T I JUST USE A REPELLENT? There is no registered or effective skunk repellent available.
The best approach is habitat modification. But I’ll be honest, if repellents and habitat modification don’t work, trapping and removal is the only real permanent solution.
While wildlife experts insist that habitat modification and removal are the only effective ways of preventing skunks, several repellent substances are available commercially for preventing skunk. Most do not keep away skunks.
- Predator urine. Skunk deterrents are sold commercially and most of them are based on fox and dog urine as they are major predators of the skunk. These products come in liquid or granule form and may require mixing with other ingredients. However, these predator urine based products do not exactly have a great track record in repelling skunk. If you can source it, straight dog urine has a slightly better chance.
- Pepper sprays are believed to deter skunk and other wildlife. Spray them on trees and other areas where you’ve sighted the traces of a skunk.
- Ammonia is reputed to work in repelling most wildlife due to its pungent smell. Placed old rags dipped in ammonia under your deck or porch to keep skunks out. Ammonia is particularly distressing to the eyes and nose of wildlife and has a better chance at being effective when applied in an enclosed space.
- Citrus peels have natural repellent qualities. Scatter orange or lemon peels around your property and under your deck or porch. Click here to read more about skunk repellent
- Install bright lights in your yard. This will discourage the skunk as it is nocturnal by nature, but certainly is not a foolproof way to keep away skunks.
- Motion activated sprinklers: these are placed out in the yard and working with a motion sensor, would spray any animal that passes with water. This is meant to startle them into running away, but again, a sprinkle of water would scarcely drive a hungry skunk away for long. They usually find a way around it with time.
In actual fact, keeping skunk away is beyond the scope and power of any repellent as the struggle for survival is real for these animals and they almost always find a way around our repellents. The most effective way to deter skunk is to remove all attractants and structurally exclude them from your premises. If you already have a skunk neighbor, humanely remove them with live traps and carry out repairs to block all entry points to your property. You may want to hire a wildlife professional to skunk-proof your house. It is better to trap a skunk, and more effective sometimes to do skunk extermination rather than try a powder or spray.
SKUNK BEHAVIOR: Skunks are mostly nocturnal, and forage at night for a variety of foods. They are omnivores, eating both plant and animal matter, but really seem to prefer insects. They sleep during the day, usually in underground dens often dug by other animals. They do not fully hibernate, but activity is very low during the winter. The often communicate via scent marking, and males will often discharge during mating season. Skunks are well-known for their defensive tactic – when threatened, they will arch their back, lift the tail, and discharge a highly odiferous liquid from special glands near the anus. This sulphurous compound is not only offensive to the nose, but it can cause temporary blindness in an attacker. Many animals avoid skunks due to this defensive tactic, and it’s actually often birds like hawks and owls that prey on skunks, since these birds lack a sense of smell.
HOW DO I GET RID OF SKUNK SMELL? If you or your pet (usually a dog) is sprayed by a skunk, don’t bother with the old tomato juice bath. It doesn’t help. The best way to get rid of the smell is to combine hydrogen peroxide, baking soda, and liquid dish soap, and immediately shampoo the dog (or person) with that. If sprayed in the eyes, flush them with water.